Types of Rosacea and Their Symptoms
Rosacea is a skin condition that generally affects specific areas on the face, including the cheeks, nose and chin. Severe rosacea can also affect the eyes. Rosacea is a fairly common condition. However, the specific area affected, the symptoms presented by the condition, the causes of the rosacea and how it is treated all vary from patient to patient. In order to understand rosacea, it is important to recognize the different types of the condition and how they can be treated.
There are four main types of rosacea. The first type is called Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea. This form of rosacea usually presents as a reddened area. People with this type of rosacea may experience these red areas on the face, chest, back or neck. The skin is often very sensitive and people may experience an unpleasant burning or itching. People with this form of rosacea also often experience dry skin.
The second form of rosacea is called Papulopustular rosacea, and is very similar to the first type of rosacea. This form of rosacea also displays are permanently red and irritated areas. However, people with Papulopustular rosacea also experience outbreaks of little pus filled bumps, which look much like acne. These bumps come and go. They usually clear up within a few days.
The third form of rosacea is Phymatous rosacea. This form of rosacea often causes a thickening of the skin. The face may grow or enlarge in strange ways. Large bumps may appear. In addition, the nose may appear to grow larger.
The last type of rosacea is called ocular rosacea. This form of rosacea affects the eyes. Eyes may develop cysts. The rosacea often causes the eyes to become red or watery. Patients with this form of rosacea often experience a sandy feeling in their eyes.
Patients with rosacea often experience more than one type. Exactly what causes rosacea is still largely unknown. However, scientists and doctors have made advances into rosacea causes. Many doctors believe that the condition may be due to an increase in a particular bacteria in the small intestine. Demodex mites, which are invisible to the naked eye, are also thought to cause rosacea. It has also been considered that elevated levels of the peptide cathelicidin could cause rosacea. In addition, certain triggers, such as sunlight, stress and certain foods can bring on a rosacea attack.
There is no cure for rosacea. Rosacea treatments depend on the case. Antibiotics, both topical and oral, can help to control rosacea outbreaks. Learning what triggers an attack and avoiding the triggers as much as possible can also help.